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Is That a Goat Pulling Your Carriage?!

driving-goat-pair
Driving companions come in all shapes, sizes.. and even species! Our friend Nan Hassey from Goat-O-Rama is really shaking things up with her beautiful driving goats. We asked Nan to share with us just how someone looking into driving goats should start the process and what does one need to know when transitioning from horses to goats. She has shared with us some great insight from her experiences which might help you decide whether your goat may be a good driving candidate or not.
Harness goats? Are they a thing?

Absolutely!

As it turns out, goats have been used as draft animals for thousands of years, with depictions of goat-drawn chariots found in both Greek and Roman art. During the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, goat-drawn carts and wagons were very popular children’s toys throughout the U.S., and goat-powered vehicles were also used for pulling tourists around places like Central Park and Coney Island.

Standard breed goats are similar in size to miniature horses. Full-sized wethers (castrated males) are usually taller than miniature horses but not as wide or heavy. Goats are not as strong or fast as horses and they have less endurance, but what they lack in pulling power they make up for in personality and head-turning appeal. Goats are very people-oriented animals, being more like dogs in their ability to bond with humans. They are far less skittish than horses, and being somewhat less powerful, they are easier to manage and work with. Goats are also exceptionally easy to keep and far less expensive to feed and care for than horses.

driving-goats

Any healthy goat can pull a cart, but the size, breed, and sex of the goat will determine how much it can pull and how far. A miniature goat can easily pull a small wagon with a child in it, but it will take a large breed male to comfortably pull two adults. Unlike equines, goats show a great deal of sexual dimorphism, with males being significantly larger and stronger than females. Intact male goats are the strongest by far, but they are not a good choice for harness work because of their powerful odor and unpleasant breeding behaviors. Females can be good workers but they are not as strong and their pulling ability may be impacted by heat cycles, pregnancy, and a large udder. Castrated males, called wethers, are usually the best choice. They do not stink or have embarrassing habits, but they are much taller and stronger than females. Since goats are a livestock species, most males end up on a slaughter truck. Buying a young wether as a driving prospect provides him with a long, happy life. Many dairy producers would love to have alternative outlets for their excess males, so the best place to start when looking for a driving goat is a local dairy goat breeder. I do not recommend buying goats at auction.

Select a goat that is friendly and curious. He should have good conformation with strong feet and legs. The hooves should not splay out or curve under and the pasterns should be short and upright. I prefer goats with long legs that step well under themselves. Whether the goat has horns or not is up to your personal preference. I love the sight of a beautiful set of horns, but they are not practical for everyone. I personally think the standard dairy breeds make the best harness goats because of their height, legginess, and hard-working personalities. Fiber goats are usually good workers and they are beautiful to look at but they need to be sheared once or twice a year to stay comfortable while working. Meat breeds are very strong but lack endurance and are often lazy. I do not recommend Fainting Goats for pulling.

 

Horse driving knowledge applies directly to goat driving. The only differences in the harness are in the bridle and crupper. Goats do not have strong tails so I remove the crupper. Most people drive goats in halters, but I prefer bridles for finer control. Goats have shorter heads than horses and require some bridle modification. Goats’ ears are positioned much further back than horses’, so I place my bridles in front of the goats’ ears but behind their horns. Goats with horns do not need browbands or throatlatches to hold the bridle in place, and they don’t need blinders either. A large goat can use a 3 1/2” miniature horse bit. Because they have very low palates, a goat should always be driven in an unjointed or French link type bit. Most standard-sized wethers can use harnesses and vehicles designed for miniature horses. Most females and all miniature goats need harnesses made specifically for their smaller size. Vehicles must also be sized and balanced accordingly. Thankfully, smaller goats pulling smaller loads don’t usually need complete harnesses to stay safe and comfortable. But if you expect your full-sized goat to pull you around the countryside, do him a favor and buy him a complete harness. A converted horse halter or dog harness won’t do!

Always remember to have fun! Goats are some of the silliest, most playful creatures on the planet and they love to share their sense of humor. They love treats, scratches, and to be the center of attention. Most goats love the self-importance that comes with having a job to do. Reward him well for his work and he will work hard for you.

For more information on training harness goats, see the “Articles” tab on my website at www.goatorama.com.

– Nan Hassey

 

Chimacum Tack now offers the Custom Comfy Goat Harness! Each one is made to order – built for comfort, flexibility and fit for your driving goat.

17 thoughts on “Is That a Goat Pulling Your Carriage?!

    • Mindy Schroder says:

      Hi Audrey! We are still about 2 months out on starting to make the goat harnesses again. But we can certainly get an invoice going for you and get you in line! We have 3 other goat harnesses waiting to be made right now. Feel free to email me at mindy@chimacumtack.com to get an invoice started!

      Mindy~

  1. Heidi says:

    I am interested in getting goats for this purpose, but it is a bit unique. I didn’t realize that I could have a pair of goats, pulling together, to help my disabled child have more options. He cannot walk far, nor can he bike, but if one of us rode with him at all times, this could be a fun mode of “taking family walks” near our acreage.

    I am contemplating Alpines, for another purpose as well. Would their demeanor work with this?

    • Mindy Schroder says:

      Hi Heidi! The best thing would be to reach out to different goat breeders and discuss what breed would be best for driving. I am not very familiar with goats at all. I think your plan sounds like a wonderful one though!

      Mindy~

    • Mindy Schroder says:

      We used to sell a goat harness but aren’t making it at this time… I’m not sure where you would find a bit. Maybe Bowman Bit would make a tiny bit for goats? I think several of our customers use a halter for driving….

  2. Rachel Corsiatto says:

    I need a pairs harness for my two wethers. They are turning 2 this year and I am starting them out with dog pack saddles to get the work ethic going in their pea size brains! They enjoying getting out fr sure! Do you know when you will start making goat harnesses again?

    • Mindy Schroder says:

      I spoke with the harness maker last week and he said we will not be making the goat harness again this year. I’m so sorry about that! They are just far too busy to make anything custom at this time.

      Mindy~

      • Rhea Mae Grosswiler-Dixon says:

        does anyone have plans for making a wooden pack saddle i have the wood cut out but dont know what leather to use or how to put it together? thank you

        • Mindy Schroder says:

          Hi Rhea! There is a wooden style pack saddle made for Shetland ponies called the Klibber. I did a lot of research into these when I was doing a lot of hiking with my ponies. My hubby did make me a prototype. Here is a blog about them. https://myshetland.co.uk/the-shetland-klibber/

          I also reached out to a Fell pony breeder and she put me in contact with a guy that makes these little pack saddles. That farm is called Willowtrail Farm in South Dakota. She was very helpful!

          Thanks so much, Mindy~

    • Mindy Schroder says:

      Hi! I don’t know if anyone has tried driving an Angora. I know my Angora goats were extremely sensitive so they may take a bit more time to settle into something like this.

      We aren’t currently selling the goat harness. When our harness maker is super busy we can’t sell the more custom, difficult to build harnesses.

      Thank you for reaching out! Mindy~

  3. Kitt says:

    I saw that you weren’t doing any more custom goat orders (I’m looking into harnesses for sheep rather thank goats but same idea) but I was wondering if you know of any one who had any luck with the small pony/large mini sized harness parts? I appreciate your time!

    • Mindy Schroder says:

      I don’t personally know of anyone that used the small mini harness for goats. I think even the smallest breast collar we sell will be far too large for MOST goats and sheep. Though we do have a photo of an extremely large goat who would tower over a 32″ mini… so I know they can grow to be very big. Typically their chest is just going to be far narrower. Hopefully this fall/winter we can start making a few goat harnesses again!

      Mindy~

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